CSS orphans Property

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div {
  background-color: #8cffa0;
  height: 150px;
  columns: 3;
  orphans: 3;

p {
  background-color: #8ca0ff;

p:first-child {
  margin-top: 0;

@media print {
  div {
    orphans: 5;


The orphans property defines the minimum number of lines of a paragraph that must be left at the bottom of a page.

See the widows property.

Default value:2
JavaScript syntax:

Standard Syntax

orphans: integer|initial|inherit|revert|revert-layer|unset;

Browser Support

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the property.


Property Values

The following table describes the values of this property.

Value Description
integer Specifies the minimum number of lines that must be left at the bottom of a page or column. Negative values are not allowed.
initial Sets this property to its default value.
inherit If specified, the associated element takes the computed value of its parent element animation-delay property.
revert Reverts the cascaded value of the property from its current value to the value the property
revert-layer Rollback styles to the ones specified in previous cascade layers.
unset Resets a property to its inherited value if the property naturally inherits from its parent, and to its initial value if not.

Default CSS Property Values

selectors {
  orphans: 2;
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