CSS text-orientation Property

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p {
  writing-mode: vertical-rl;
  text-orientation: upright;


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The text-orientation CSS property sets the orientation of the text characters in a line. It only affects text in vertical mode (when writing-mode is not horizontal-tb). It is useful for controlling the display of languages that use vertical script, and also for making vertical table headers.

Default value:mixed
JavaScript syntax:

Standard Syntax

text-orientation: mixed|upright|sideways|sideways-right|use-glyph-orientation|initial|inherit|revert|revert-layer|unset;

Browser Support


Property Values

The following table describes the values of this property:

Value Description
mixed Rotates the characters of horizontal scripts 90° clockwise. Lays out the characters of vertical scripts naturally. Default value.
upright Lays out the characters of horizontal scripts naturally (upright), as well as the glyphs for vertical scripts. Note that this keyword causes all characters to be considered as left-to-right: the used value of direction is forced to be ltr.
sideways Causes characters to be laid out as they would be horizontally, but with the whole line rotated 90° clockwise.
sideways-right An alias to sideways that is kept for compatibility purposes.
use-glyph-orientation On SVG elements, this keyword leads to use the value of the deprecated SVG properties glyph-orientation-vertical and glyph-orientation-horizontal.
initial Sets this property to its default value.
inherit If specified, the associated element takes the computed value of its parent element animation-delay property.
revert Reverts the cascaded value of the property from its current value to the value the property
revert-layer Rollback styles to the ones specified in previous cascade layers.
unset Resets a property to its inherited value if the property naturally inherits from its parent, and to its initial value if not.

Default CSS Property Values

selectors {
  text-orientation: mixed;
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